Сисясты мамаши





Опубликовано: 14.11.2017.

You can use the Update Management solution in Azure Automation to manage operating system updates for your Windows and Linux computers that сисясты мамаши deployed in Azure, in on-premises environments, or in other cloud providers.

Сисясты мамаши

You can quickly assess the status of available updates on all agent computers and manage the process of installing required updates for servers. You can enable Update Management for virtual machines directly from your Azure Automation account.

To learn сисясты мамаши to enable Update Management for virtual machines from your Automation account, see Manage updates for multiple virtual machines. You can also enable Update Management for a single virtual machine from the virtual machine pane in the Azure portal. This scenario is available for Linux and Windows virtual machines. Computers that are managed by Update Management use сисясты мамаши following configurations to perform assessment and update deployments:.

The following diagram shows a conceptual view of the behavior and data flow with how the solution assesses and applies security updates to сисясты мамаши connected Windows Server and Linux computers in a workspace:. Update Management can be used to natively сисясты мамаши machines in multiple subscriptions in the same tenant. To manage machines in a different tenant you must onboard them as Non-Azure machines.

After a computer performs a scan for update compliance, the agent forwards the information in bulk to Azure Log Analytics. On a Windows computer, the compliance сисясты мамаши is performed every 12 hours by default.

Сисясты мамаши

In addition to the scan schedule, the scan for update compliance is initiated within 15 minutes if the MMA is restarted, before update installation, and after update installation.

For a Linux computer, the compliance scan is performed every 3 hours by default. If the Сисясты мамаши agent is restarted, a compliance scan is initiated within 15 minutes. This is the same for Linux computers that are configured to report to a local repo instead of to a сисясты мамаши repo.

To learn more about these requirements, see Network сисясты мамаши for Hybrid Workers. You can deploy and install software updates on computers that require the updates by creating a scheduled deployment. Only required updates сисясты мамаши included in the deployment scope. You also specify a schedule to approve and designate a period of time during which updates can be installed. Updates are installed by runbooks in Azure Automation.

When an сисясты мамаши deployment is created, the update deployment creates a schedule that starts a master update runbook at the specified time for the included computers.

Сисясты мамаши

The master runbook starts a сисясты мамаши runbook on each agent to perform installation of required updates. At the date and time specified in the update deployment, the target computers execute the deployment in parallel.

Before installation, a scan is performed to verify that the updates are still required. The Windows agent is required. For Linux, the machine must have access to an update сисясты мамаши. The update repository can be private or public. To create and manage update deployments, you need specific permissions. To learn about these permissions, see Role-based access - Update Management.

The solution consists of the following resources. The resources are added to your Automation account. They fail if you try. These groups are intended to support only the management solution. You can add the Windows сисясты мамаши to a Hybrid Runbook Worker group сисясты мамаши your Automation account to support Automation runbooks if you use the same account for both the solution and the Hybrid Runbook Worker group membership.

Сисясты мамаши

This functionality was added in version 7. If your System Center Operations Manager management group is connected to a Log Analytics workspace, the following management packs are сисясты мамаши in Operations Manager. These management packs are also installed on directly connected Windows computers after you add the solution.

For more information about how сисясты мамаши management packs are updated, see Connect Operations Manager to Log Analytics. For systems with the Operations Manger Agent, to be able to be fully managed by Update Management, the agent needs to be updated to the Microsoft Monitoring Agent.

To learn how to update the agent, see How to upgrade an Operations Manager agent. To confirm that directly connected machines are communicating with Log Analytics, сисясты мамаши a few minutes, you can run one the following log searches. On a Windows computer, you can review the following information to verify agent connectivity with Log Analytics:.

To learn how сисясты мамаши verify that the firewall or proxy server is properly configured, see Network configuration for Windows agent or Network configuration for Linux сисясты мамаши. Newly added Linux agents show a status of Updated after an assessment has been performed. This process can take up to 6 hours.

Сисясты мамаши

A scan is performed twice per day for each managed Windows computer. Every 15 minutes, the Windows API is called to query for the last update time to determine whether the status has changed. If the status has changed, a compliance scan is initiated. It can take between 30 minutes and 6 hours for the dashboard to display updated data from managed computers. In your Automation сисясты мамаши, select Update Management to view the status of your machines.

This view provides information about your machines, missing updates, update deployments, and scheduled update deployments. To run a log search that returns information сисясты мамаши the machine, update, or deployment, select the item in the list.

The Log Search pane opens with a query for the item selected:. After updates are assessed сисясты мамаши all the Linux and Windows computers in your workspace, you can install required updates by creating an update deployment. An update deployment is a scheduled installation of required updates for one or more computers. You specify the date and time for the deployment and a computer or group of computers to include in the scope of a deployment.

To learn more about computer groups, see Computer groups in Log Analytics. When you include computer groups in your update deployment, group membership is evaluated only once, at the time of schedule creation.

To work around this, delete the scheduled update deployment and re-create it. Windows virtual machines сисясты мамаши are сисясты мамаши from сисясты мамаши Azure Marketplace сисясты мамаши default are set to receive automatic updates from Windows Update Service.

To avoid updates being applied outside of a maintenance window on Ubuntu, reconfigure the Unattended-Upgrade package to disable automatic updates. For information about how to configure the package, see Automatic Updates topic in the Ubuntu Server Guide. Select Missing updates to view the list сисясты мамаши updates that are missing from your machines.

Each update is listed and can be selected. Information сисясты мамаши the number of machines that require the update, the operating system, and a link for more information is shown.

The Log search pane shows more details about the updates. Select the Update Deployments tab to view the list of existing update deployments. Select any of the update deployments in the table to сисясты мамаши the Update Deployment Run pane for that update deployment. To create a new update deployment, select Schedule сисясты мамаши deployment.

Сисясты мамаши

The New Update Deployment pane opens. Enter values for the properties described in the following table and then click Create:. The following tables list the update classifications in Сисясты мамаши Management, with a definition for each classification.

Сисясты мамаши

For Linux, Update Management can distinguish between critical and security updates in the cloud while displaying assessment data due to data сисясты мамаши in the cloud.

For patching, Update Management relies on classification data сисясты мамаши on the machine.

Сисясты мамаши

Unlike other distributions, CentOS does not have this information available out of the box. If you have CentOS machines configured in a way to return security data for the following command, Update Management сисясты мамаши be able to patch based on classifications. There is currently no method supported method to enable native classification-data availability on CentOS. At this time, only best-effort support is provided to customers who may have enabled this on their own.

The following addresses сисясты мамаши required specifically for Update Management. Communication to these addresses occurs over port For more information about ports that the Hybrid Runbook Worker requires, see Hybrid Worker role ports. It is recommended to use the addresses сисясты мамаши when сисясты мамаши exceptions. This file is updated weekly, сисясты мамаши reflects the currently deployed ranges and any upcoming changes to the IP ranges.

In addition to the details that are provided in the Azure portal, you can do searches against the logs. On the solution pages, select Log Analytics. The Log Search pane opens. You can also learn how to customize the queries or use them from different сисясты мамаши and more by visiting: Log Analytics seach API documentation.

The following sections provide sample log queries for update records that are collected by this solution:. The following query checks for a match on either endianness. Customers who have invested in System Center Configuration Manager for managing PCs, servers, and mobile devices also rely on the strength and maturity of Configuration Manager to help them manage software updates.

Configuration Manager is part of their software сисясты мамаши management SUM cycle. This might lead to Update Management runs where the OS version number changes. Because Update Management uses the same methods to update packages that an administrator would use locally on the Linux computer, this behavior is intentional.

When you deploy updates to a Linux machine, you can select update classifications. This filters the updates сисясты мамаши are applied to those that meet the specified criteria. This filter is applied locally on the machine when the update is deployed.

However, Update Management might still report that machine as being non-compliant because it has additional information about the relevant update.



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